The two types of stock . Call options confers the buyer the right to buy the underlying stock while put options give him the rights to sell them.
In exchange for the rights conferred by the option, the option buyer have to pay the option seller a premium for carrying on the risk that comes with the obligation. The option premium depends on the strike price, volatility of the underlying, as well as the time remaining to expiration.Stock option like have near, next and far month expiries. expiry date on months last Thursday.
Here is example of stock options: Rajesh buys 1000 shares of Company X Put at a strike price of 1070 and pays Rs 30 per share as premium. His total premium paid is Rs 30,000.
If the spot price for Company X falls below the Put option Rajesh bought, say to Rs 1020; Rajesh can safeguard his money by choosing to sell the put option. He will make Rs 50 per share (Rs 1070 minus Rs 1020) on the trade, making a net profit of Rs 20,000 (Rs 50 x 1000 shares – Rs 30,000 paid as premium).
Alternately, if the spot price for Company X rises higher than the Put option, say Rs 1080; he would be at a loss if he decided to exercise the put option at Rs 1070. So, he will choose, in this case, to not exercise the put option. In the process, he only loses Rs 30,000 – the premium amount; this is much lower than if he had exercised his option.
We saw that options can be bought for an underlying asset at a fraction of the actual price of the asset in the spot market by paying an upfront premium. The amount paid as a premium to the seller is the .
To understand how this premium amount is arrived at, we first need to understand some basic terms like In-The-Money, Out-Of-The-Money and At-The-Money.
Let’s take a look as you may be faced with any one of these scenarios while trading in options:
In-the-money: You will profit by exercising the option.
Out-of-the-money: You will make no money by exercising the option.
At-the-money: A no-profit, no-loss scenario if you choose to exercise the option.
A Call Option is ‘In-the-money’ when the spot price of the asset is higher than the strike price. Conversely, a Put Option is ‘In-the-money’ when the spot price of the asset is lower than the strike price.